Tuesday, February 23, 2016

Parayana of Valmiki Ramayana for fulfilling various desires.

Parayana  of Valmiki Ramayana   for fulfilling   various   desires.

Compiled by
P.R.Ramachander 

(These are the book  called  Srimad Ramayanam and all round Success  published by Lifco  publishers  Madras.Please note that  Parayana can be  either the original text  of Ramayana  in Sanskrit or   verse by verse  translation in any language .You can get the translation verse by verse sarga by sarga  in  to  English in  my blog  http://englishvalmikiramayanam.blogspot.in/
     There is also  a particular method   for doing Parayana  of Ramayana, For Smarthas  it is given in http://englishvalmikiramayanam.blogspot.in/2016/02/ramayana-parayana-smartha-sampradhaya.html  and for  Vaishnavas (visishtadvaithins )  it is given in http://englishvalmikiramayanam.blogspot.in/2016/02/ramayana-parayana-krama.html

Before doing Parayana   for a particular  purpose   the above appropriate  method should be followed .)


For the fulfillment of  Virtuous acts   read Ayodhya Kandam Sarga  21 to 25

For prosperity   in ones profession  Ayodhya Kanda   Sarga 32

For marriage for the unmarried  Bala Kanda Sarga  73

For attainment of salvation Aranya Kandam  Sarga 65-68

For alleviation of diseases  Yudha Kanda  Sarga  59

For Preventing   evel influences of Ghosts  Sundara Kanda  Sarga 3

For recovery  from mental disorders   Sundara Kanda  Sarga  13

For improvement of financial condition  Sundara  Kanda  Sarga  15

For prevention of sorrow  Yudha  Kanda  Sarga 116

For overcoming  unexpected danger  Yudha Kanda  Sarga 18-19

For re uniting of   separated relatives  Sundara Kanda  Sarga  36

For  eradicating  bad dreams  Sundara Kanda  Sarga 27

For getting rid of sins due to illicit sexual union   Sundara Kanda  7-11

For  comforts in Next birth    Yudha Kanda  Sarga  131

For begetting children  Bala Kanda  Sarga 15-16

For safe delivery  Bala Kanda  Sarga 18
For escaping danger of imprisonment  Yudha  Kanda  Sarga 117

For  Children developing good character  Ayodhya Kanda  Sarga 1-2

For Success of Cherished desires  Bala Kanda   Sarga 75-76


Ramayana Parayana Krama –Visishtadvaithins

Ramayana Parayana Krama –Visishtadvaithins

Translated by
P.R.Ramachander

( Reading of Valmiki Ramayana  is supposed to grant you all prosperity and in the end salvation. It is proper to read it  after   chanting an initial prayer  , do the Parayana and after it   complete it by another  series of prayers. Here is the system  for Parayana  by Vishishtadvaithins. They are followers of saint Ramanuja and the Azhvars  and are Vaishnavites by nature .It is believed that  Valmiki Ramayana   was taught to saint Ramanuja  by Periya Thirumalai Nambi  (also known as  Sri Saila pootna)  . Because of this the initial prayer   starts   with a prayer to this great saint.Here also there is an initial prayer ,reading of Ramayana   and then again prayer.)

I.Prayers  before the Parayana

1.Start the  Parayana  with a prayer  to Sri Saila poorna (Periya Thirumalai Nambi):-

1.Pithamahasyaapi   pithamahaya prachetha saadesa  phala pradhaya ,
Sri Bhashyakarothama   desikaya  , Sri Saila poornaaya  namo Namasthe

1.I  salute  Thirumalai nambi  , who is the grand father  of Lord Brahma* 
Who gave great commentary to Valmiki Ramayana    ,
Who is a great   teacher and   very great  commentator
      *.Lord of Thirupathi called him his father   and so he is grand father  to Lord Brahma.
(Thirumalai Nambi   also called as Saila Purnar was the maternal uncle of Saint Ramanuja    and was the  one who taught   Ramayana   to Ramanuja.)

2.Other prayers

1.Koojantham Rama Ramethi maduram madsuraksharam,
Aaroohya kavitha shakhaam vande Valmiki kokilam. 3

Salutations to The nightingale Valmiki,
Who sits on the poem like branch,
And who goes on singing sweetly,
“Rama”, “Rama” and “Rama”.

2.Valmiki muni simhasya kavitha vana charina,
Srunvan Rama kadha naadam ko na yathi paraam gathim. 4

Who in this world will not attain salvation,
Who happen to hear the story of Rama,
Composed by the lion among poets Valmiki,
Who always lived in the forest.

3,Ya pibhan Rama charithamrutha sagaram,
Aruthastham munim vande, prachethasa makalmasham. 5

I salute that resplendent sage ,
Who never got satisfied,
But forever drank the story of Rama,
Which is like the sea of nectar.

4.Goshpadi krutha vaareesham masaki krutha rakshasam,
Ramayana maha mala rathnam Vande anilathmajam,

I pray to him who is born to the God of wind.
Who made the king of lakes look like the hoof of a cow,
Who made the great Rakshasas look like simple mosquitoes,
And who is born to the God of wind.
And is the greatest jewel in the garland of the story of Rama,

5.Anjananandanam veeram  , Janaki  Soka nasanam,
Kapeesamaksha hanthaaram , Vandhe Lanka   Bhayanagaram

I salute   the terror to Lanka  , who is valorous son of Anjana  ,
Who destroyed the sorrow of Sita, who is the God of monkeys who killed Akshaya  Kumara.


6.Mano javam , marutha thulya vegam,
Jithendriyam buddhi matham varishtam,
Vatha atmajam vanara yudha mukhyam,
Sree rama dootham sirasa namami.

I bow my head and salute the emissary of Rama,
Who has won over his mind,
Who has similar speed as wind,
Who has mastery over his organs,
Who is the greatest among the knowledgeable,
Who is the son of God of wind,
And who is the chief in the army of monkeys

7. Ullangasya sindho salilam salilam cha sokha vahnim janakathmajaya,
AAdhaya thenaiva dhadhaha Lankam namami tham pranjalir Anjaneyam

I salute that son of Anjana with folded hands,
Who crosses the great ocean playfully,
Who took away the fire like sorrow of Sita,
And with that burnt the city of Lanka.

8, Anjaneya madhi patalananam,
Kanchanadri kamaneeya vigraham,
Parijatha tharu moola vasinam,
Bhavayami bhava mana nandanam.

I bow before the darling son of the god of wind,
Who is the son of Anjana,
Who is great among killers of Rakshasas,
Who is like a golden mountain,
Who is handsome to look at,
And who lives near the roots of Parijatha tree.

9.Yatra yatra Raghu nada keerthanam,
Thathra thathra krudha masthakanjalim,
Bhashpa vari pari poorna lochanam,
Maruthim namatha Rakshasanthakam.

I pray and salute the son of wind god,
Who brought to end the rakshasas,
Who is always present with eye full of tears,
With head bowed in veneration,
Wherever the praise of Lord Rama is sung

10.Veda vedhye pare pumsi jathe dasaradhathmaje,
Veda prachethasa daseeth sakshath Ramayanathmana.

When the God who is known by Vedas,
Was born as the son of Dasaratha,
Veda was born again from Sage Valmiki as Ramayana.

11.Thadhupagatha  Samasa  sandhi yogam   sama madhuropanathardha vakhya badham,
Raghu vara charitham   muni praneetham   dasa sirasascha  vadham  nisamayadhwam

 The words  , their alliteration  ,their conjunction  ,
With equally   sweet and appropriate  meanings ,
And very  inimitable    story of killing of Ravana ,
Occur in the   history of Rama   composed by the sage.

12.Sri Raghavam  Dasrathathmaja maprameyam,
Sita pathim  Raghukulaanvaya  rathna deepam,
Aajanubahu  maravinda  Dalayathaksham,
Ramam nisachara  vinasakaram namami.

12.I salute  Rama who exterminated  asuras who move at night  ,
Who is Raghava , who is son of Dasaratha  , who is unlimited,
Who is the Lord  of Sita, who is   gem lamp  of the  clan of Raghus,
Who has hands touching his  thigh   and has eyes like lotus  petals.

13.Vaidehi sahitham surudrumathale haime maha mandape,
Madhye pushpaka masane mani maye veerasane susthitham,
Aagre vaachayathi prabhanjana suthe thathwam muneebhya param,
Vyakhyaantham Barathathibhi parivrutham Raamam bhaje syamalam.

I salute that black coloured Rama,
Who sits along with daughter of Videha,
And in the company of Baratha and others,
Inside the golden shed beneath the holy tree of Karpaga,
On the seat of flowers bedecked with jewels,
Built in its centre,
Explaining the essence of knowledge,

II.Prayers   after  reading Ramayana
(Parayana  samaptha  Krama )

1,Yevamethath   puraa vruthamaakhyaanam  Bhadramasthu  va:,
Pravyaaharatha   visthrabdham  balam vishnou  pravardhathaam .

Let   the story   which was   related   like   this ensure   safety,
And let the sounds of it

2.Labhastheshaam  jayastheshaam   kuthastheshaam paraabhava  ,
Yeshaam indheevara  shyamo  hrudaye   suprathishtitha.
How can profit   and victory  brought   from somewhere  cause   defeat  ,
To those   who are keeping in their mind the God who is of the colour  of blue lotus.

3.Kale varshathu parjanya,
Prauthwee sasya shalini,
Deso yam kshobha rahitha,
SAjjana santhu nirbhaya.

Let the monsoon be timely and plentiful,
Let earth be covered with vegetation,
Let the country live without problems,
And let good people never have fear.

4,Kaveri vardathaam  kale  , kale  varshathu  vaasava,
Sri Ranga Nadho  jayathu  Sri Ranga srischa vardathaam.

4.The Cauvery   river increases   with time  if  Lord Indra sends  rain in time  ,
Let there  be victory to Ranganadha   and let the  wealth of Sri Ranga  increase

5.Swasthi prajabhya paripalayantham,
Nyayena margena maheem maheesa,
Gobrahmanebhyo shubhamasthu nithyam,
Loka samastha Sukhino bhavantu.

Let good things occur to the king of the country,
Who looks after his people well, in the path of justice,
Let Cows* and Brahmins** have a pleasant life daily,
Let all people of the world have a very pleasant life.
*wealth was measured by cows in those times
** People in search of God

6.Kosalendraya , mahaneeya gunabhdhaye,
Chakravarthi thanujaaya  sarva bhoumaya Mangalam.             

Let good happen to , Rama ,
Who is the king of Kosala,
And the ocean of good qualities.
Let good happen to Rama,
Who is son of emperor Dasaratha,
And who is a very great king.

7.Vedavedantha vedhyaya , Megha Shyamala moorthaye,
Pumsaam mohana roopaya , punyaslokaya Mangalam.            

Let good happen to Rama,
Who is venerated by Vedas and Vedanta,
Who is of the black colour of the rich cloud,
Who is one of the prettiest among men,
And who has a fame which is pure.

8,Viswamithrantharangaya , mithila nagari pathe,
Bhagyaanaam paripakaya , bhavya roopaya Mangalam.             

Let good happen to Rama,
Who is a confidant of Viswamithra,
Who is the matured luck of ,
The king of Mithila and ,
Is the form of pure humility.

9.Pithru bhakthaya sathatham brathrubhi saha seethaya,
Nandithakhila lokaya , Ramabhadraya Mangalam.                         

Let good happen to Ramabhadra,
Who is a devotee of his father,
Who shines with Sita and his brothers,
And who makes the entire world happy.

10.Thyaktha saketha vasaya , chithra koota viharine,
Sevyaya sarva yaminaam , dheerodhayaya Mangalam.                 

Let good happen to Lord Rama,
Who is courageous and kind,
Who left the city of Ayodhya,
And lived in the forest of Chithrakoota,
And who served all great sages.

11.Soumithrina cha janakya  chapa banasi dharine,
Samsevyaya  sada bhakthya , swamine mama Mangalam.                  

Let good happen to my Lord Rama,
Who was with Lakshmana and Sita,
Who was armed with sword and bow,
And who is always served by devotees.

12,Danda karanya vasaya , khara dhooshana sathrave,
Grudhra rajaya Bhakthaya , mukthi dayasthu Mangalam.                   

Let good happen to the giver of salvation,
Who lived in the forest of Danda karanya,
Who was the enemy of Asuras,  Khara and Dhooshana,
And who was greatly devoted  to Jatayu , the king of birds.

13.Sadaram Sabari datha phala moola abhilashine,
Soulabhya paripoornaa, sathvodrikthaya Mangalam,                              

Let good happen to him who has lot of good qualities,
Who liked the fruits and roots offered by Shabhari.
And can be fully realized , extremely easily.

14.Hanumath sama vethaya , harresabheeshta dhayine,
Bali pramadhanayasthu , Maha dheeraya Mangalam.                             

Let good happen to the God who is very brave,
Who can be easily be attained by Hanuman,
Who used to fulfill desires  of King Sugreeva,
And who wounded and killed the great Bali.

15.Srimathe Raghu veeraya , sethullangitha sindhave,
Jitha rakshasa Rajaya , Rana dheeraya Mangalam.                                 

Let good happen to the God who is brave in battle,
Who is the valorous hero of the clan of Raghu,
Who built the bridge over the sea,
And who won over the king of Rakshasas.

16.Vibheeshana kruthe preethya , lankabheeshta pradhayine,
Sarva loka saranyaya , Sri Raghavaya Mangalam.                                 

Let good happen to Lord Raghava,
Who presented with happiness Lanka,
To Vibheeshana due to his love,
And who has the entire world as devotees.

17.Asadhya nagarem  divyamabhishikthaya Seethaya,
Rajadhi rajaya Rama Bhadraya Mangalam.                                             

Let good happen to Lord Raghava,
Who was crowned along with Sia,
When he returned back to the city of Ayodhya,
And who is the king of all kings.

18.Brahmadhi deva sevyaya , brahmanyaya mahathmane,
Janaki prana nadhaya , Ragu nadhaya Mangalam.                                    

Let good happen to the Lord of the Raghu clan,
Who is served by Lord Brahma and other devas,
Who protected Vedas and Brahmins,
And who was the king of the soul of Janaki.

19,Sri soumya jamathru mune  krupaya smanu peyushe,
Mahathe mama nadhaya , Raghu nadhya Mangalam.            

Let good happen to the Lord of the Raghu clan,
Who was got to us by the grace of the saint Jamathru,
Who is my Lord who is on of the greatest.

20.Mangala sasana paraiir madacharya purogamai,
SArvescha poorvairacharyai , sathkruthayasthu Mangalam.                      

Let good happen to the Lord who only did good,
The salutary song about him is greatest by my teacher,
Grater than all that is written by previous great teachers.





Ramayana Parayana-Smartha Sampradhaya

Ramayana Parayana-Smartha Sampradhaya

( The reading of Valmiki Ramyana   should start with  prayers at the  commencement and prayer    after  the Parayana  is over. Smarthas   are  Brahmins who   are the  followers of Advaitha  propounded by Adhi Sankara   and   worship five deities  viz Shiva, Vishnu  , SAkkthi  , Subramanya   and Surya. )

Translations  by
P.R.Ramachander

1.Slokas   to be At commencement of Parayana

a.Shuklam Baradaram Vishnum, Sasi Varnam Chatur Bhujam,
Prasanna Vadanan Dyayet, Sarva Vignoba Sandaye 1

Dressed in white you are,
Oh, all pervading one,
And glowing with the colour of moon.
With four arms, you are, the all knowing one
I meditate on your ever-smiling face,
And pray, “ Remove all obstacles on my way”.

b.Vageesaadhya sumanasa sarvarthaanaam upakrame  ,
Yam nathwaa   krutha kruthyaa    syutham  Namami  Gajanam .

Oh Lord who is the God of speech , who has a  clear mind ,
After praying   whom at the   very beginning ,
With gratefulness , I  would salute him who has  an elephant face  .

2.After    this we  meditate  on Adhi Sankara  and Gurus  in his   system.

3.And hen  we have to  continue  our prayers to  Saraswathi, Valmiki, Hanuman , Ramayana  and then Rama

a.Sri Saraswathi  Prarthana

Dhorbhir yuktha Chathurbhi sphatika mani mayeem , akshamaalaam dhadhaanaa,
Hasthenaikena [admam sithamapi cha sukam pusthakam chaparena,
Bhasaa kundhendhu sankha sphatika mani nibhaa bhasamaanaa samaanaa,
Saa may vaghdevatheyam nivasathu vadane sarvadhaa suprasanna.

Let that goddess of words, Who has four hands,
Who holds the garland of crystal beads in one hand,
Who holds parrot, white lotus and book in other hands,
And who is as lustrous as kunda flowers, moon, conch and crystal beads,
 Live always in my face and bless me.

b.Valmiki  Sthuthi

1.Koojantham Rama Ramethi maduram madsuraksharam,
Aaroohya kavitha shakhaam vande Valmiki kokilam. 3

Salutations to The nightingale Valmiki,
Who sits on the poem like branch,
And who goes on singing sweetly,
“Rama”, “Rama” and “Rama”.

2.Valmiki muni simhasya kavitha vana charina,
Srunvan Rama kadha naadam ko na yathi paraam gathim. 4

Who in this world will not attain salvation,
Who happen to hear the story of Rama,
Composed by the lion among poets Valmiki,
Who always lived in the forest.

3,Ya pibhan Rama charithamrutha sagaram,
Aruthastham munim vande, prachethasa makalmasham. 5

I salute that resplendent sage ,
Who never got satisfied,
But forever drank the story of Rama,
Which is like the sea of nectar.

C.Hanuman

1.Goshpadi krutha vaareesham masaki krutha rakshasam,
Ramayana maha mala rathnam Vande anilathmajam,

I pray to him who is born to the God of wind.
Who made the king of lakes look like the hoof of a cow,
Who made the great Rakshasas look like simple mosquitoes,
And who is born to the God of wind.
And is the greatest jewel in the garland of the story of Rama,

2.Anjananandanam veeram  , Janaki  Soka nasanam,
Kapeesamaksha hanthaaram , Vandhe Lanka   Bhayanagaram

I salute   the terror to Lanka  , who is valorous son of Anjana  ,
Who destroyed the sorrow of Sita, who is the God of monkeys who killed Akshaya  Kumara.

3. Ullangasya sindho salilam salilam cha sokha vahnim janakathmajaya,
AAdhaya thenaiva dhadhaha Lankam namami tham pranjalir Anjaneyam

I salute that son of Anjana with folded hands,
Who crosses the great ocean playfully,
Who took away the fire like sorrow of Sita,
And with that burnt the city of Lanka.

4, Anjaneya madhi patalananam,
Kanchanadri kamaneeya vigraham,
Parijatha tharu moola vasinam,
Bhavayami bhava mana nandanam.

I bow before the darling son of the god of wind,
Who is the son of Anjana,
Who is great among killers of Rakshasas,
Who is like a golden mountain,
Who is handsome to look at,
And who lives near the roots of Parijatha tree.


5.Yatra yatra Raghu nada keerthanam,
Thathra thathra krudha masthakanjalim,
Bhashpa vari pari poorna lochanam,
Maruthim namatha Rakshasanthakam.

I pray and salute the son of wind god,
Who brought to end the rakshasas,
Who is always present with eye full of tears,
With head bowed in veneration,
Wherever the praise of Lord Rama is sung


6.Mano javam , maruda thulya vegam,
Jithendriyam buddhi matham varishtam,
Vatha atmajam vanara yudha mukhyam,
Sree rama dootham sirasa namami.

I bow my head and salute the emissary of Rama,
Who has won over his mind,
Who has similar speed as wind,
Who has mastery over his organs,
Who is the greatest among the knowledgeable,
Who is the son of God of wind,
And who is the chief in the army of monkeys

d.Ramayanam

1.Ya Karnanjali  samputai   raha raha  samyag   pibathyadharath,
Valmikir   vadanaravinda  galitham   Ramayanakhyam  Madhu,
Janma vyadhi  jara vipathi   maranair athyantha sopadravam,
SAmsaram sa vihaya  gachathi pumanvishno padham saswatham.

Keeping   with folded hands in salute   they drink with respect  ,
The honey  of Ramayana   which   came out of the  lotus  like face of Valmiki,
By doing which   the illness  of birth , the danger of old age and very  trouble causing death ,
And troubles due to samsara    would vanish  and we would reach permenantly  reach the world  of Vishnu.

3,Valmiki giri sambhootha Rama Sagara gamini,
Puinathu bhuvanam punyaa Ramayana maha nadhi.

Let the whole world become holy,
By this river called “The story of Rama”,
Which starts from the mountain of Valmiki,
And joins the ocean of Rama.

2.Thadhupagatha  Samasa  sandhi yogam   sama madhuropanathardha vakhya badham,
Raghu vara charitham   muni praneetham   dasa sirasascha  vadham  nisamayadhwam

2. The words  , their alliteration  ,their conjunction  ,
With equally   sweet and appropriate  meanings ,
And very  inimitable    story of killing of Ravana ,
Occur in the   history of Rama   composed by the sage  ,
  
3.Valmiki giri sambhootha Rama Sagara gamini,
Puinathu bhuvanam punyaa Ramayana maha nadhi.

Let the whole world become holy,
By this river called “The story of Rama”,
Which starts from the mountain of Valmiki,
And joins the ocean of Rama.

4.Sloka sara jalakeernam  sarga kallola   samkulam,
Kaanda graaha  mahaa meenam   vandhe  Ramayanarnavam.

 The sea filled with the    water of slokas   and chapters like the collection of waves,
The books   are like   the great fishes  and I salute  the sea of Ramayana

5.Veda vedhye pare pumsi jathe dasaradhathmaje,
Veda prachethasa daseeth sakshath Ramayanathmana.

When the God who is known by Vedas,
Was born as the son of Dasaratha,
Veda was born again from Sage Valmiki as Ramayana.

e.Lord Rama

1.Vaidehi sahitham surudrumathale haime maha mandape,
Madhye pushpaka masane mani maye veerasane susthitham,
Aagre vaachayathi prabhanjana suthe thathwam muneebhya param,
Vyakhyaantham Barathathibhi parivrutham Raamam bhaje syamalam.

I salute that black coloured Rama,
Who sits along with daughter of Videha,
And in the company of Baratha and others,
Inside the golden shed beneath the holy tree of Karpaga,
On the seat of flowers bedecked with jewels,
Built in its centre,
Explaining the essence of knowledge,
To the assembled sages,
And to the son of Anjana.

2,Vame Bhoomi suthaa  , purascha hanuman  paschad  Sumithra sutha,
Sathrugno  Bharathascha  parswa dalayor   vayvaadhi koneshu cha,
Sugreevascha   Vibheeshanascha yuva rat thara sutho, jambhavan,
Madhye   Neela saroja komala ruchim   Ramam Bhaje shyamalam.

I salute the  bluish black colour Rama  who sits in the middle with softness  of lotus flower,
with   Sita  on his left side  ,Hanuman on his front  , Lakshmana   behind him  , Shatugna and Bharatha,
On his sides and surrounded on all four sides   by Vayu and other dik Palakas,
And  Sugreeva  , Vibheeshana  , the prince Angadha   and Jambhavan  ,

 3.Namosthu Ramaya  Salakshanaya  , devyai cha thasyai   Janakathmajayai  ,
Namosthu  Rudrendramanilebhyo  , namosthu chandraka   maruth ganebhya.

.Salutations to Rama  with perfect qualities whose   consort  is the daughter  of Janaka.
Salutations to him who is respected  by Lord Shiva and Indra and who is saluted by  moon,  sun and the wind.

Parayana  Samapana  Krama
(Method  of ending   the  reading Ramayana)

1.Swasthi prajabhya paripalayantham,
Nyayena margena maheem maheesa,
Gobrahmanebhyo shubhamasthu nithyam,
Loka samastha Sukhino bhavantu.

Let good things occur to the king of the country,
Who looks after his people well, in the path of justice,
Let Cows* and Brahmins** have a pleasant life daily,
Let all people of the world have a very pleasant life.
*wealth was measured by cows in those times
** People in search of God

2.Kale varshathu parjanya,
Prauthwee sasya shalini,
Deso yam kshobha rahitha,
SAjjana santhu nirbhaya.

Let the monsoon be timely and plentiful,
Let earth be covered with vegetation,
Let the country live without problems,
And let good people never have fear.

3.Aputhra puthrina santhu,
Puthrina santhu pouthrina,
Adhana sadhana,
Santhu jeevanthu sarada satham.

Let sonless people have son,
Let people with son have grand sons,
And let people who are poor or rich,
Live and see one hundred autumns.

4.Charitham Raghu Nadhasya   satha koti pravishtharam,
Ekaikamaksharam   proktham  Maha pathaka  nasanam
4.The story of Raghu clan is spread over  hundred crores.
And canting of one of its letters  would destroy the bad effects of   greatly evil acts.

5.Srunvan Ramayanam Bhakthyaa   ya padam   padameva   vaa,
Sa yaathi brahmana sthanam  Brahmana  poojyathe   sadaa.

By hearing   Ramayana   with devotion or its one verse or one line  ,
Would take you to the place of Brahma and Brahma would worship you always.

6.Ramaya Ramabhadraya Ramachandraya Vedhase,
Raghunadhaya Nadhaya Sithaya pathaye nama.

 My salutations to Lord Rama,
To Ramabadhra, to Ramachandra,
To the lord of Vedas,
To the chief of Raghu clan,
To the lord of the world,
And to  the Lord of Sita.

7.Yan mangalam sahasraksho   sarva deva  namaskruthe  ,
Vruthra naso sambhavath   thathe  Bhavathu  mangalam.

That  auspiciousness which was  saluted by  Lord Indra   and all devas,
And which lead to destruction of Vruthra ,Let that   bring  us auspiciousness.

8.Yan mangalam suparnasya  vinathaa kalpayath puraa,
Amrutham prarthamanasya , thathe  Bhavathu  Mangalam.

That   auspiciousness   was prayed to by  Lord Garuda,
To bring  nectar  too his motherVinatha  , let that  bring  auspiciousness./

9.Amruthothpadane daithyaan  gnatho vajra dharasya yath,
Adhithir mangalam   praadathathe bhavathu  Mangalam.

9.That  which was removed by Indra   when Asuras were churning  for nectar ,
To bring auspiciousness   to Adhithi  , Let that   bring us auspiciousness.

10Threenvikramaan   prakramatho VIshno  ramitha  thejasa,
Yadaa aaseen mangalam Rama THathe  bhavathu  mangalam.

10 When Lord Vishnu with great power  as Trivikrama   wend around  ,
Then auspiciousness  happened   and let that bring  auspiciousness.

11.Rithava sagara Dweepaa  Veda LOkaa disascha  they,
Mangalaani maha baho  disanthu thava  sarvadhaa.

Let that great one  who brings auspiciousness  to seasons  , ocean,
Islands, Veda, the worlds by showing the way, bring  auspiciousness to you always.

12.Kayena vacha  Manasendyair va  ,
Budhyathmana   va prakruthe swabhavath ,
Karomi    yadhyath   parasmai,
Narayanayethi samarpayami.

I offer all that I do,
To Lord Narayana,
Whatever I do with my body,
Whatever I do with my mind,
Whatever I do with my brain,
Whatever I do with my soul,
And whatever I do with nature’s help








Wednesday, January 8, 2014

Introduction to my translation

Valmiki  Ramayanam – An introduction to my   Translation

By

P.R.Ramachander

“Ramayana”  means the story of Rama  and according to Hindu beliefs it was the first epic written in Sanskrit by a great sage called Valmiki , who was  a contemporary of  Rama.
  Valmiki was a hunter who was transformed in to a sage by  sage Narada. The restless Valmiki wanted to write an epic  and sage Narada requests   him to write about Rama. He agrees and Lord Brahma blesses  him saying that he would be by  his intuition able to see   every incident that took place in the life  of Rama. He was confused as to which metere  he should adopt   for writing this great book. One day he  sees a  hunter killing the male bird  of  a bird couple and the female bird cries   for its mate .Valmiki is moved and tells  a poem
 Maa Nishada Pratistham Tvam agamah sāsvati Samaa
Yat Krauncha mithunaad ekam Avadhi Kaamamohitam

Oh hunter, you killed one of the pair of Krouncha birds in love,
And so for  years   to come you would never   be alive.

In the Anushtup metere.. And this poem (curse)  born out of intense sorrow  becomes the model   for the entire epic of Ramayana. Naturally  the first chapter of Ramayana  , is the story of Rama in a nutshell as told by Narada called  Samkshepa Ramayanam . The entire story of Rama  is   divided  in  to six books  (kanda) and each Kanda  is further divided in to Sargas.

1.Bala Kanda ( Book of Youth) [77 chapters]
2. Ayodhya Kanda (Book of Ayodhya) [119 chapters]
3. Aranya Kanda (Book of Forest ) [75 chapters]
4. Kishkindha Kanda (The Empire of Holy Monkeys) [67 chapters]
5. Sundara Kanda ( Book of Beauty ) [68 chapters]
6. Yuddha Kanda ( Book of War ) [128 chapter)

The chapters in these books  have many slokas(verses)  all written in Anushtup meter. The chapters are of differing length and so too are the books. There   are 24,000  slokas  in the Ramayana. The shortest book with about 2000 slokas is the  Bala Kanda and the biggest book is   Yudha Kanda  with nearly 6000 slokas . Sage Valmiki is an expert in use  of Simile and metaphor  and almost throughout the narrative  , these are used .Valmiki  also  tells every  incident in great  detail as he loves to describe. The description of the four seasons in the forest, the great description that Sugreeva gives his monkeys about  the path that they have to follow  in search of Sita, the  descriptions of  the fauna and flora   throughout the path of Rama  are examples of these. Sage Valmiki prefers to concentrate  on the story that  he is telling about and rarely relates us  stories within stories. The  exceptions to this is the story of  Ganges  and birth of  Lord Subramanya   in the Bala Kanda, stories of the lineage of certain   sages like Viswamithra , Rama himself , Ravana etc. It is interesting also note that  for valour  , Valmiki most of the times quotes Indra or the Trivikrama  or Narasimha as the model.  He never mentions the great wars which sage Parasurama  another incarnation of  Vishnu fought. The poet rarely tells in any part of the book   about Rama being  an incarnation of Vishnu or Lakshmana  as an incarnation of Adhisesha etc  or refer to for one chapter  except in the  BalaKanda and another chapter in the Yudha Kanda. Both these chapters  do not properly merge with the narrative  and are contradicted immediately . Valmiki prefers to cut off reference to a character  which  he thinks as not important. For example , not a single word in the entire epic   is spoken by the wives  of Lakshmana, Bharatha  or Sathurugna and  Sumithra, the mother  of Lakshmana rarely speaks. Not much is spoken by Kaikeyi after Dasaratha dies and so on. He also uses different styles of expression for the characters of his narrative. For example  even Rama and Lakshmana do not talk in the same style. The Talk of Sita is always sharp and impetuous and so on.  Valmiki is supposed to have composed this epic  in the  Treta Yuga ie 869113 years ago . It is clearly mentioned in the Ramayana    that the sage taught it to Lava   and Kusha, who were the sons of Rama who were living with him and these two lads sing it in the assembly hall in front of Rama.  But modern scholars think that Valmiki Ramayana was written only in the 3rd or  4th century BC. In the book  itself the author claims that   it is the first epic ever written.

He has also written in Yudha Kanda

“Whichever person of this world   reads or listens    to this  first book  which is endowed with Dharma  
Would  be blessed with fame  and longevity   and it would fetch victory to the kings  and this first book was written by    sage Valmiki.                                                                                           128.107-128.108
Any person hearing   about the crowning of Rama  , if he needs son he will get son  , if he needs wealth  he will get wealth  , the king would win over earth  and would become a  master over his enemies.
                                                                                                                                                              128.109
Like Kausalya having Rama, Sumithra having Lakshmana  , Kaikeyi having Bharata , women would become mothers to long living sons   and they would be always happy  and live with sons and grandsons.  
                                                                                                                                                128.110-128.111
Any one hearing    Ramayana   would get very long life   and one who reads about victory of Rama will never fail in any of his actions.                                                                                                       128.112
He who hears     this epic which    was composed long ago  by sage Valmiki   with attention and with control over anger  would be able to cross over all difficulties with ease.                            128.113
 He who hears   this epic    which was composed long ago   by sage Valmiki   would meet all his relatives after a long journey      and would become happy with their relatives.                                128.114
By the grace of Raghava , all the boons that they pray for would be realized   and all gods   would be pleased     with those who listened to it.                                                                                     128.115
To those living in their home , all  obstacles would be removed  , a king would win over earth   and a man who lives outside his home would become comfortable.                                              128.116
“Menstruating women    hearing this would get  matchless and   excellent sons   and one who worships it and reads it   gets relieved of all sins     and would live long.                                                 128.117
The Kshatriyas with bent head    should salute and listen to it   and the Brahmins    should read it every day regularly   and there is no doubt   that the listener and reader   of the entire Ramayana   will get  immeasurable wealth  and birth of a son.                                                                    128.118-128.119
 Rama is indeed Lord Vishnu who is eternal .  Rama , the chief of Raghu clan  is the primeval God  , the very strong Hari , the lord Narayana   and Lakshmana is Adhisesha  .  Rama  would  always love  you on reading this.                                                                                                                                                    128.120
Please narrate   this great story    which occurred long- long ago  without any fear  . You would be safe.  Let the power of Lord Vishnu increase.                                                                                                    128.121
By   analyzing and listening to this epic  all Devas would become happy with you   and by listening to Ramayana , your manes would get pleased.                                                                                         128.122
To those persons who write  this  collection on Rama written by great sages   with devotion  , residence in heaven is assured.                                                                                                                                 128.123
By listening   to this auspicious work  of literary merit   one   gets  increase in family prosperity  ,  increase in wealth, grains  , superior  women   , great happiness   and acquisition of wealth in this earth.
                                                                                                                                                                   128.124
This great work    should be listened   to by good people seeking wisdom  ,long life  , heath  , fame  , love from brothers , intelligence   , welfare   and splendour.                                                                   128.125

    This great story has been in summary form repeated in almost all the eighteen Puranas   as well as in Mahabharatha   as well as Bhagwatha,. Only in Brahmanda Purana it is written in extenso and that version   written by  sage Vyasa  is called the Adhyathma Ramayana  or the spiritual Ramayana. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adhyatma_Ramayana. I had the good fortune  of translating it from Malayalam   to English
 Sage Vyasa from the beginning assumes that Rama is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu and there  are large number of prayers addressed to God Rama by various characters  in the book as against no prayer addressed to Rama  in Valmiki Ramayana. In this version  Rama who knew Sita   would be abducted asks to her to live  in fire  for that year and the Sita whom Ravana abducted was a mere  image . Possibly   at this very time another book called Adbutha Ramayana (Wonderful Ramayana )  also came out .People believe that  it was written by Valmiki himself . It is much smaller   and has only 27  chapters. It is supposed to be narrated by  Valmiki to sage Bharadwaja. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adbhuta_Ramayana)
Another version of Ramayana called Ananda Ramayana is   also credited to be written by  sage Valmiki.
Unlike the usual names  of books it has  a different names  to the books of the narrative. Here also Rama is considered as God and there   are several prayers  addressed to him.
     I do not know when the   translation of this very great epic was started. In almost   all the Indian languages    there  is a translation available. One reason possibly is that people   already assumed that  Rama was an incarnation of Lord Vishnu  and he lived the life of an ideal man(Maryadha Purushothama.). Here   is a partial list   of all those great  translations. Most of the translations did not agree   with Valmiki , that  Rama was a human being. They   also could not tolerate   a Rakshasa  carrying away Sita, physically touching her , as   she was a goddess.
Tamil Nadu - The Tamil Kambaramayanam, a popular version, written by poet Kamban in the 12th century.
Karnataka - The Kannada versions of the Ramayana – the Kumudendu Ramayana(a Jain version), written in 13th century and the Kumara-Valmiki Torave Ramayana, written in the 16th century. There is another version titled Ramachandra Charita Purana written by Nagachandra during the 13th century. Two prose works by Nanadalike Lakshminarayana ('Muddanna') entitled Adbhuta Ramayana (1895) and Ramaswamedham (1898).[14]
Assam - Saptakanda Ramayana, The Assamese Katha Ramayana or Kotha Ramayana in 14th century by Madhava Kandali.
Bengal - The Bengali Krittivasi Ramayan written by Krittibas Ojha in 15th century.
Orissa - The Oriya Dandi Ramayana or Jagamohan Ramayana was adapted by Balaram Das in the 16th century.
Maharashtra - The Marathi Bhavartha Ramayana written by Eknath in the 16th century. There is also reference of a Ramayana being translated into old Marathi during the 12th or 13th century.
Goa - Ramayanu written by Krishnadasa Shama in 15th century in KardalipuraGoa in Konkani, manuscripts found in Portugal.[11][12]
Awadh - The Ramcharitmanas written by Goswami Tulsidas in the 16th century is the Ramayana version popular in North India.
Kerala - The Malayalam language Adhyatma Ramayanam Kilipattu written by Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan in the 16th century and "Mappila Ramayanam." among the Muslims. There is also a Kannassa Ramayanam   which is much earlier to these.
Gujarat - The Tulsi-Krta Ramayana is a Gujarati adaptation of Tulsidas' Ramcharitamanas in 17th century, by the poet Premanand Swami.
Urdu version called the Pothi Ramayana was written in 17th century.
Jammu and Kashmir - The Kashmiri Ramavatara Charita was written in 19th century.
Andhra Pradesh - The Sri Ranganatha Ramayanamu was adapted by Buddha Reddy and is the Telugu version of the Ramayana. The Molla Ramayanamu was adapted by poetess Molla.
Nepal - The Nepali language Bhanubhakta Ramayana written by Bhanubhakta Acharya in the 19th century. The Nepal Bhasa Siddhi Ramayana was written by Siddhidas Mahaju in the 20th century.

             I was  requested to do this translation by Sri Lakshmanan , who  is running a commercial firm called Celextel specializing in supplying  Hindu religious  items and ,  also maintains   a great web site of  the spiritual library  of  Hindu religious works. I was little reluctant   because of my age (at that time 73) but he assured me that God  would take care of it .  I who believe that  all my  works are  done by God , using me as an instrument  started with the job about a year back. I found that  already several translations of this great book was available   in the web. I decided to read them and  do my own translations based on my understanding of those  great translations. Here are the translations that I used:-






             Since   the people of India    were charmed by the   story of Rama  , there are very large number of prayers   where Ramayana  is given in a nutshell. The most famous is the Eka Sloka Ramayana

Aadho Rama thapo vananu gamanam, Hathwa mrugam kanchanam,
Vaidehi haranam, jatayu maranam, Sugreeva sambhashanam,
Bali nigrahanam, samudhra tharanam, Lanka pureem dahanam,
Paschad Ravana Kumbha karna madanam, Ethat ithi Ramayanam

Once Rama went to forest,
He chased the deer,
Sitha was kidnapped,
Jatayu was killed, There were talks with Sugreeva,
Bali was killed,
The sea was crossed,
Lanka was burnt,
And later Ravana and Kumbha karna,
Were also killed.
This in short is the story of Ramayanam.

          The next well known prayer   containing   the Ramayana is the  very famous  Nama Ramayana.
 Apart from there  are  very many other great  prayers giving  Ramayana in a nutshell. Some of them are

    My deep sense of gratitude    to all those  great people   who have done this labour of love . I acknowledge all of them.I might have used some words and also some whole sentances from these great works.  My translation totally depends   only  on their translations.

      My God,  you dictated me to do it  and you did it and I have been an instrument in your hand. How can I ever repay  this great  blessing from you. You all  can now read  my translation in to English  of Valmiki Ramayana in  my blog